Total Debt-to-Total Assets Ratio: Meaning, Formula, and What’s Good

what is a good debt to asset ratio

There is no real “good” debt ratio as different companies will require different amounts of debt based on the industry they operate in. Airline companies may need to borrow more money because operating an airline is more capital-intensive than say a software company that needs only office space and computers. A higher debt ratio (0.6 or higher) makes it more difficult to borrow money. Lenders often have debt ratio limits and do not extend further credit to firms that are overleveraged. Of course, there are other factors as well, such as creditworthiness, payment history, and professional relationships.

Debt dynamics and leverage

The company must also hire and train employees in an industry with exceptionally high employee turnover, adhere to food safety regulations for its more than 18,253 stores in 2022. Let’s look at a few examples from different industries to contextualize the debt ratio. A company with a lower proportion of debt as a funding source is said to have low leverage. A company with a higher proportion of debt as a funding source is said to have high leverage. has a chart outlining the industry medians over the last five years, which is a great resource for finding the median for the industry you are analyzing and comparing your company. We can also use the debt-to-asset ratio to assess the liquidity of the company, its ability to meet its obligations, and how likely they are to see a return on its investment via the debt obligation.

How to analyze your small business debt-to-asset ratio

If hypothetically liquidated, a company with more assets than debt could still pay off its financial obligations using the proceeds from the sale. The owner of this website may be compensated in exchange for featured placement of certain sponsored products and services, or your clicking on links posted on this website. This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site (including, for example, the order in which they appear), with exception for mortgage and home lending related products. SuperMoney strives to provide a wide array of offers for our users, but our offers do not represent all financial services companies or products.

what is a good debt to asset ratio

Free Financial Modeling Lessons

If you read this article to be able to better analyze companies for stock picking, it should be clear by now that there is significant analysis that goes into company ratings. Financial professionals have years of education and training to be able to deep-dive into these balance sheets and analyze all the variables mentioned above and more. If you’re wondering how to calculate your debt-to-asset ratio, it’s actually a lot easier than you may think.

For example, in the example above, Hertz reported $2.9 billion in intangible assets, $1.3 billion in PPE, and $1.04 billion in goodwill as part of its total $20.9 billion of assets. Therefore, the company had more debt ($18.2 billion) on its books than how to prepare an income statement all of its $15.7 billion current assets (assets that can be quickly converted to cash). A total debt-to-total asset ratio greater than one means that if the company were to cease operating, not all debtors would receive payment on their holdings.

A manufacturing company with a lot of overhead will likely have a higher debt to asset ratio compared to a company with a lower cost of entry, such a social media company. Knowing your debt-to-asset ratio can help you get a handle on your debt load while also keeping your company attractive to potential investors and creditors. The second comparative data analysis you should perform is industry analysis.

For example, in the numerator of the equation, all of the firms in the industry must use either total debt or long-term debt. You can’t have some firms using total debt and other firms using just long-term debt or your data will be corrupted and you will get no helpful data. It depends upon the company size, industry, sector, and financing strategy of the company. For example, company C reports $ 2.2 bn of intangible assets, $ 0.5 bn of PPE, and $ 1.5 bn of goodwill as part of $ 22 bn of assets.

Perhaps 53.6% isn’t so bad after all when you consider that the industry average was about 75%. The result is that Starbucks has an easy time borrowing money—creditors trust that it is in a solid financial position and can be expected to pay them back in full. Understanding a company’s debt profile is one of the critical aspects of determining its financial health.

what is a good debt to asset ratio

The debt ratio of a company tells the amount of leverage it’s using by comparing total debt to total assets. It is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets, with higher debt ratios indicating higher degrees of debt financing. Debt ratios vary greatly amongst industries, so when comparing them from one company to the other, it is important to do so within the same industry. As with all other ratios, the trend of the total debt-to-total assets ratio should be evaluated over time.

  1. While other liabilities, such as accounts payable and long-term leases, can be negotiated to some extent, there is very little “wiggle room” with debt covenants.
  2. These numbers can be found on a company’s balance sheet in its financial statements.
  3. Across the board, companies use more debt financing than ever, mainly because the interest rates remain so low that raising debt is a cheap way to finance different projects.

For serious consideration of a company’s full situation, you’d want to actually see the accounts receivable book to find out, if they are actually getting paid on all receivables vs. having a portion unpaid. Since the debt to asset ratio varies a lot between different industries one company with a seemingly high ratio compared to the generic “standard” might actually have a low ratio when to peer companies. One would expect a biotech startup to have a different profile compared to a steel manufacturer.

While the total debt to total assets ratio includes all debts, the long-term debt to assets ratio only takes into account long-term debts. The term debt ratio refers to a financial ratio that measures the extent of a company’s leverage. The debt ratio is defined as the ratio of total debt to total assets, expressed as a decimal or percentage. It can be interpreted as the proportion of a company’s assets that are financed by debt.

Investors use the ratio to evaluate whether the company has enough funds to meet its current debt obligations and to assess whether it can pay a return on its investment. Creditors use the ratio to see how much debt the company already has and whether the company can repay its existing debts. This will determine whether additional loans will be extended to the firm.

A company with a high debt ratio relative to its peers would probably find it expensive to borrow and could find itself in a crunch if circumstances change. Conversely, a debt level of 40% may be easily manageable for a company in a sector such as utilities, where cash flows are stable and higher debt ratios are the norm. A ratio greater than 1 shows that a considerable amount of a company’s assets are funded by debt, which means the company has more liabilities than assets.

The more leveraged a company is, the less stable it could be considered and the tougher it will be to secure additional financing. Access to funding allows companies to grow and also to survive in stressful situations such as the onset of a pandemic. You will need to run a balance normal balances office of the university controller sheet in your accounting software application in order to obtain your total assets and total liabilities. The balance sheet is the only report necessary to calculate your ratio. The business owner or financial manager has to make sure that they are comparing apples to apples.

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